He had a low bookshelf that didn't really hold his stuff in an easy-to-access way, and a chalkboard that didn't have any storage for chalk or erasers.
Kiddo asked for RED, so I sanded and painted it glossy cherry red (ready mixed from Lowe's).
Then, I turned my attention to the stool. I padded it a little with some dense foam, but didn't put anything thicker down because I didn't want to raise the seat height too high for the desk. I found a remnant of baseball fleece, and stapled it to the seat for maximum Kiddo excitement.
We also moved his homework station across the room, so we could use a bookshelf that's easier for him to access. I finally found a plastic 3M bin to attach to his chalkboard to hold chalk and the eraser, too.